It’s time to wake up
Monthly Archives: April 2012
Given the substantial and growing scientific literature on implicit bias, the time has now come to confront a critical question: What, if anything, should we do about implicit bias in the courtroom? The author team comprises legal academics, scientists, researchers, and even a sitting federal judge who seek to answer this question in accordance with “behavioral realism.” The Article first provides a succinct scientific introduction to implicit bias, with some important theoretical clarifications that distinguish between explicit, implicit, and structural forms of bias. Next, the article applies the science to two trajectories of bias relevant to the courtroom. One story follows a criminal defendant path; the other story follows a civil employment discrimination path. This application involves not only a focused scientific review but also a step-by-step examination of how criminal and civil trials proceed. Finally, the Article examines various concrete intervention strategies to counter implicit biases for key players in the justice system, such as the judge and jury.
Part 1 of 4 – watch the rest on youtube.com
Most of us will all claim that we are not racist. Is there however a possibility that history and culture has affected us in a way that alters how we see, so that we are unconsciosly racially biased? This is a very interesting study of racial bias, which results should cause us to seriously reconsider how we deal with racism today.
“Despite our desire to be egalitarian, racial bias fundamentally alters how we see. In the first part of her talk, Dr. Eberhardt will focus on the implicit processing of a well-rehearsed, explicit association: the association of African Americans with criminality. She will argue that this association influences how both ordinary citizens and police officers will perceive and analyze the people and objects they encounter. For example, the mere presence of a Black face may enhance perceivers’ ability to detect degraded images of crime-relevant objects. The association of Blacks with criminality may also inform decisions about where and how to look. Thinking about crime, for example, may alert perceivers to Black faces more so than thinking about other matters.
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In the second part of her talk, Dr. Eberhardt will focus on the implicit processing of an implicit association: the association of African Americans with animals. Despite the fact that this association is rarely discussed or consciously available, she will argue that it can alter how we see, as well. She will conclude by presenting data demonstrating the potential importance of this particular association in the context of criminal justice.”
“Private capital tends to become concentrated in few hands, partly because of competition among the capitalists, and partly because technological development and the increasing division of labor encourage the formation of larger units of production at the expense of smaller ones. The result of these developments is an oligarchy of private capital the enormous power of which cannot be effectively checked even by a democratically organized political society. This is true since the members of legislative bodies are selected by political parties, largely financed or otherwise influenced by private capitalists who, for all practical purposes, separate the electorate from the legislature. The consequence is that the representatives of the people do not in fact sufficiently protect the interests of the underprivileged sections of the population. Moreover, under existing conditions, private capitalists inevitably control, directly or indirectly, the main sources of information (press, radio, education). It is thus extremely difficult, and indeed in most cases quite impossible, for the individual citizen to come to objective conclusions and to make intelligent use of his political rights.” Albert Einstein, Why Socialism?